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Biodiesel
Biodiesel is a renewable biofuel that is obtained through the reaction of a light alcohol, such as ethanol or methanol with any type of animal or vegetable oil or fat, through a chemical reaction known as esterification, obtaining biodiesel or Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) and glycerin.
Biodiesel is a renewable fuel formed by long-chain fatty acid methyl or ethyl esters. If the esters making up diesel are methylic, they are called FAME (Fatty acid methyl ester). It is obtained through the chemical reaction of methanol (or bioethanol) with vegetable oils (rape, sunflower, soy, palm). It does not contain sulfur and, in relation to diesel derived from oil, greenhouse gas emissions are reduced (including CO2), as well as carbon monoxide (CO) emissions and emissions of particles and other polluting products.
Advantages:
• It is a clean source of fuel, renewable and for household use.
• It helps reduce dependence on oil.
• It can be used in all diesel engine vehicles, without any conversion, adjustment or special modification needed. • It is easy to produce and store. It emits between 40% and 80% less GHG than fossil fuels.
• It increases engine lubricity and the fire point, the risk of explosion due to gas emissions being reduced.
Other environmental advantages are:
• It is biodegradable and non-toxic.
• It improves the air quality in urban areas. It does not pollute water.
• It reduces the production of waste.
The production of biodiesel creates new opportunities for sustainable rural development within the framework of a farming policy more directed at the market, since it promotes the development of energy crops and the creation of farming industries, helping maintain employment and income standards in the rural world.
 
 
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